Initiative für Frieden und Menschenrechte, IFM
Oldest opposition group of the GDR, independent of the State and Churches. Having originated in different locally restricted peace and environmental groups, it was founded at the New Year 1985/86 in Berlin.
First speakers: Peter Grimm, Ralf Hirsch and Wolfgang Templin. Focal subject points were the global disarmament and the problems of human rights abuse. Publication of the Samisdat magazine "Grenzfall". Important initiators of the new opposition groups and parties sprang from the Initiative für Frieden und Menschenrechte in the Autumn of 1989, such as for example Bärbel Bohley (Neues Forum ( New Forum)), Ulrike Poppe (Demokratie Jetzt) and Ibrahim Böhme (SDP). On 6th February 1990, the Initiative für Frieden und Menschenrechte formed the "Wahl Bündnis 90" (Election Alliance 90) with the citizen movements, the Neues Forum (New Forum) and Demokratie Jetzt, which merged to form the all-German party "Bündnis 90/Die Grünen" in 1993.